Pongal aka Makara Sankranti is a thanks giving festival specially for getting sunlight, enough rain during their cultivating season. Pongal is the celebration to mark the first harvest of the year and celebrated all over India that coincides with Makar Sankranti.
Origin: It is said that Pongal festival has been in existence 1000 years ago . The Word Pongal derives its name from the tradition of boiling rice in a pot till it starts overflowing. The Main reason behind this festival is to thank Sun God. Our Ancestors realized without Sun no life in earth would have existed.
The Reason why our Ancestors chose this day is because from this day the motion of the Sun starts going from south to north over a period of 6 months which is termed as summer solstice. Again Sun goes from north to south which is called as Winter solstice. Now we know the Why Summer and Winter exists.
Pongal is a four day festival that is celebrated as follows:
1)Bhogi/Lohri – It is the first day of Pongal and celebrated in honour of gods of clouds and rain. It also marks the day where we burn the old items in the household and start the year fresh & clean. It signifies that we get rid of anger, revenge and bad past from our hearts and let love, tolerance, mercy and charity flourish in our hearts and minds.
2) Surya Pongal (Thai Pongal)- It is the second day of Pongal and marks the first day of Tamil month. As said in honour of Sun God this day is celebrated. It is believed that the Almighty showers his power through the Sun to flourish the lives in the world.
3) Maatu Pongal – Third day is celebrated in honour of bulls, Cows and other farm animals to mark their hard work in helping farming and other support they provide us through out their life. Jallikattu which is also termed as eru thazhuvuthal and manjuvirattu also dates back 1000 years ago followed by our ancestors.
Story behind Jallikattu: The herd used by our ancestors were supported by the bulls. While the herd used to be on a move, sometimes suddenly a horny bull used to become unruly and run away from the herd. A young herder used to chase the bull and hold on to its hump until it surrendered and returned back to the herd. This became so usual and in years it became a sport, the player who manages to hold the bull’s hump for a considerable time is rewarded.
4) Kaanum pongal – Significance of Kannum pongal is to remember our brothers and spend time with our closed ones. This symbolizes love and affection towards the people you live with. People on this day go out and visit each other to have quality time.
இந்த இனிய பொங்கல் நாளில் வாழ்வில் எல்லா வளமும் நலமும் அதிர்ஷ்டமும் பெற்று வாழ என் இனிய பொங்கல் வாழ்த்துக்கள்!
Let happiness be filled in your life as sun fills its light over the world,
Happy Pongal and Makar Sankranthi..!!